RMS Lusitania sank in May as the result of a torpedo from the U 1, people died that day as she sank in less than 20 minutes off the coast of Ireland. Atlas RMS Lusitania Schiff Cunard Line 1/ Schiff Modell bei aqin-ebikes.com | Günstiger Preis | Kostenloser Versand ab 29€ für ausgewählte Artikel. RMS Lusitania New York Cunard Line Ocean Liner Travel Photo Print Poster. Ambulance Paramedic PCSO Police Klick Fast DOCK08 Screw on Garment.
Erster Weltkrieg: Wer schuld war am Untergang der „Lusitania“RMS Lusitania sank in May as the result of a torpedo from the U 1, people died that day as she sank in less than 20 minutes off the coast of Ireland. RMS Lusitania - Modell - Bis war es das größte Schiff der Welt. wurde es von einem deutschen U-Boot versenkt. – Modelle legendärer. On this date in the RMS Lusitania was torpedoed and sunk by a German U Boat. Endless controversy has surrounded this atrocity ever since. For the.
Rms Lusitania Navigation menu VideoThe Sinking of the Lusitania Moore was lucky. Categories : RMS Lusitania Conflicts in Ships built on Dragonball Schach River Clyde Ships of Scotland Ships sunk by German submarines in World Fallen – Engelsnacht I World War I shipwrecks in the Atlantic Ocean Blue Riband holders Passenger ships of the United Kingdom Four funnel liners ships Shipwrecks of Ireland Maritime incidents in Ireland Maritime incidents in Conspiracy theories. Havertown, Warcraft Kinox Casemate. Demand valve oxygen therapy First aid Hyperbaric medicine Hyperbaric treatment schedules In-water recompression Oxygen therapy Therapeutic recompression. Die These stützt sich auf Ungereimtheiten in der Handlungsweise der Admiralität. Im Treppenschacht How To Make Love Like An Englishman Deutsch zwei parallel laufende Aufzüge installiert. Deren Kapitän habe unbeirrt an dem von der Admiralität vorgeschriebenen Kurs festgehalten, wie es seinen Befehlen entsprach — mit Ziel Liverpool. Geschichte Erster Weltkrieg Dreifacher deutscher Triumph eröffnete U-Boot-Krieg.
Mit starker Schlagseite versank der Bug immer tiefer im Wasser. Doch die unerfahrenen Matrosen konnten die speziellen Kräne nicht bedienen, die nötig sind, um voll besetzte Barkassen zu Wasser zu lassen.
Alle Boote auf der Backbordseite waren wegen der Schlagseite ohnehin nutzlos: Sie konnten nicht mehr gerade ins Wasser abgelassen werden.
Anfang Mai war das Wasser der Irischen See noch derartig kalt, dass viele Schiffbrüchige, die ins Wasser sprangen, trotz Schwimmwesten starben: Sie ertranken nicht, sie erfroren.
Noch mehr Menschen aber kamen gar nicht mehr aus dem Bauch des Schiffes heraus — die Schlagseite und das steigende Wasser machten das ohnehin komplizierte System aus Gängen, Treppen und Schächten zu einem ausweglosen Labyrinth.
Als der Dampfer um Denn die USA standen kurz davor, dem Deutschen Reich den Krieg zu erklären. Transportierte sie scharfe Munition, und gab es deshalb die zweite Explosion?
Hetzte die britische Admiralität das Schiff bewusst in U-Boot-gefährdete Gebiete, um durch eine Versenkung die USA zum Kriegseintritt zu bewegen?
Back Get in Touch Share Your Story. Back Commissions Hypothetical and Misc. Warships Free Desktop Backgrounds. RMS LUSITANIA Illustrations by Michael C Brady, Durch die plötzliche Schieflage des Schiffes war es der Besatzung der "Lusitania" nicht möglich, alle Rettungsboote zu Wasser zu lassen.
Die Aufhängungen der Boote verhakten sich, Menschen stürzten heraus oder schlugen mit dem Boot auf dem Wasser auf.
Einige Passagiere sprangen direkt ins Meer, viele andere konnten das Schiff nicht mehr rechtzeitig verlassen. Warum hatte man sie nicht vor der U-Boot-Gefahr gewarnt?
Kapitän William Turner hätte um die Gefahr wissen müssen. Hatte er Warnungen ignoriert? Obwohl er es später abstritt, hatte Turner keine der Instruktionen, die die Admiralität für Handelsschiffe in U-Boot-gefährdetem Gebiet herausgegeben hatte, befolgt.
Weder war er in der Mitte des Seeweges, noch mit Höchstgeschwindigkeit oder im Zickzackkurs gefahren, um einem möglichen Torpedoangriff auszuweichen.
Bei der Untersuchung des Falls gab er an, diese Anweisungen nur für Empfehlungen gehalten zu haben. Tatsächlich waren die Warnungen, die die "Lusitania" empfing, eher allgemein.
Mai hatte die Londoner Admiralität "alle britischen Schiffe" darauf hingewiesen, dass in den Gewässern vor der Südspitze Irlands deutsche U-Boote kreuzen.
Ähnliche Warnungen hatte es auch zuvor gegeben. Konkrete Befehle erhielt die "Lusitania" nicht, und auch keine Mitteilung darüber, dass seit ihrer Abfahrt von New York insgesamt 23 Schiffe von U-Booten versenkt worden waren.
War es Absicht der Briten, unschuldige Menschen zu opfern, um der Welt die Grausamkeit des Kriegsgegners zu beweisen?
Im Flottenregister wurde die "Lusitania" als bewaffneter Hilfskreuzer geführt. Aufgrund eines Geheimabkommens, das zwischen der britischen Admiralität und der Cunard-Line bestand, hatte sich die Regierung an den Baukosten des Schiffs beteiligt.
Eine Bewaffnung konnte nie nachgewiesen werden, wohl aber hatte das Schiff Munition geladen. Den Frachtpapieren zufolge hatte der Dampfer auf seiner letzten Fahrt 4,2 Millionen Gewehrpatronen, Granaten sowie Aufschlagzünder für Granaten geladen.
Als Munitionstransporter aber war die "Lusitania" für die Kaiserliche Deutsche Kriegsmarine ein legitimes Ziel. Die Ladung allerdings ist es auch, die gegen die Verschwörungstheorie spricht.
Warum also hätte Churchill einen so wichtigen Transport aufgeben sollen? Die Frage nach der tatsächlichen Verantwortung für die Schiffskatastrophe wurde nie ganz geklärt.
Morgan Company übergeben worden. Doch davon ahnte die Öffentlichkeit nichts, schon gar nicht die arglosen Amerikaner, die unwissentlich für sich und ihre Familien eine Schiffahrt in den Tod gebucht hatten und als menschliche Köder in dem globalen Spiel der Hochfinanz und der niederen Politik dienten.
Als Antwort traf eine kategorische Leugnung der Kenntnis von solch einer Ladung ein. Die Anzeige wurde vorab bezahlt, und sie sollte eine ganze Woche vor dem Ablegen des Schiffes auf den Reiseseiten erscheinen.
Sie lautete:. Von den 50 Zeitungen veröffentlichte nur Des Moines Register die Anzeige zu dem gewünschten Datum. Was danach geschah, wird von Simpson so beschrieben:.
Bei ihm handelte es sich um einen umgesetzten Hochschulprofessor aus dem Efeu-überwucherten Princeton, der im Herzen ein Internationalist war und davon träumte, eine Weltregierung zu schaffen, um ein Jahrtausend des Friedens zu erreichen.
Doch er fand sich umgeben und abhängig von Männern starken Willens, scharfsinnigen politischen Begabungen und mächtigen finanziellen Ressourcen. Wir werden das moralische Urteil über einen Mann, der wegen seiner absichtlichen Weigerung, seine Landsleute zu warnen, von ihnen in den Tod geschickt hat, anderen überlassen.
Wir können uns auch darüber wundern, wie solch ein Mann die Scheinheiligkeit aufbringt, die Deutschen für diese Tat zu verdammen, aber gleichzeitig alles dafür tut, damit die amerikanische Öffentlichkeit die Wahrheit nicht erfährt.
Während Morgan und Wilson auf der amerikanischen Seite des Atlantiks die tödliche Bühne bereiteten, spielte Churchill auf der europäischen Seite seinen Teil.
Als die Lusitania am l. Mai aus dem Hafen von New York auslief, erhielt sie den Befehl, sich dicht an der Küste Irlands mit einem britischen Zerstörer, der Juno , zu treffen.
Auf diese Weise sollte sie in feindlichen Gewässern Begleitschutz erhalten. In Wahrheit jedoch war die Juno im allerletzen Augenblick aus diesem Gebiet abgezogen und nach Queenstown zurückbeordert worden.
Und noch schlimmer: Der Lusitania hatte man befohlen, weniger Kohle zu verbrauchen, und zwar nicht, weil es nicht genügend davon gab, sondern weil dies weniger teuer sei.
Natürlich sind langsame Ziele viel leichter zu treffen als schnelle. Die Londoner Zeitungen waren voll mit Geschichten über deutsche Warnungen und Schiffsversenkungen.
Im Kartenzimmer der britischen Admiralität beobachtete Churchill das Spiel und zählte kühl die Schüsse. Kleine Scheiben markierten die Stellen, wo am Tag zuvor zwei Schiffe von Torpedos angegriffen worden waren.
Ein Kreis deutete auf das vermutete Operationsgebiet eines U-Bootes hin. Doch nichts wurde für sie getan. Admiral Coke at Queenstown wurde der oberflächliche Befehl erteilt, sie so gut, wie es ging, zu beschützen, wozu er gar keine Möglichkeit hatte.
Zu den anwesenden Offizieren im Kartenraum gehörte an diesem verhängnisvollen Tag Fregattenkapitän Joseph Kenworthy, der zuvor von Churchill darum gebeten worden war, die politischen Auswirkungen zu untersuchen, wenn ein Ozeanschiff mit amerikanischen Passagieren an Bord versenkt werden würde.
Zu dieser Zeit befand sich Oberst House in England, und genau an dem Tage der Versenkung sollte er eine Audienz bei König Georg V. Vier Stunden nach dieser Unterredung wurde durch das Periskop des deutschen U-Bootes U am Horizont der schwarze Rauch der Lusitania entdeckt.
Der Torpedo traf drei Meter unter der Wasserlinie kurz vor der Brücke, Steuerbord. Ein zweiter Torpedo wurde vorbereitet, aber nicht benötigt.
Simpson berichtet:. Weil der Torpedo nur drei Meter unter der Wasserlinie getroffen hatte, kann das entstandene Loch nicht einmal in der Nähe des Bodens des Schiffsrumpfes sein, sondern ungefähr auf mittlerer Höhe zwischen dem Hauptdeck und dem Boden.
Statt dessen wäre genau diese zu erwarten. Letzten Endes scheint es relativ unerheblich, ob die Explosion von Waffen oder durch Kohlenstaub ausgelöst wurde.
America Enters World War I On January 31, , Germany, determined to win its war of attrition against the Allies, announced it would resume unrestricted warfare in war-zone waters.
Ambassador Demands Loyalty From German Americans. Bet You Didn't Know: Trench Warfare. Gompers Pledges Labor's Support for World War I. SIGN UP.
RELATED CONTENT. Entry into World War I When World War I broke out across Europe in , President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the United States would remain neutral, and many Americans supported this policy of nonintervention.
World War I World War I, also known as the Great War, began in after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Paul von Hindenburg Paul Von Hindenburg was a German World War I military commander and president. The collapsibles were built with hollow wooden bottoms and canvas sides, and needed assembly in the event they had to be used.
This contrasted with Olympic and Britannic which received a full complement of lifeboats all rigged under davits.
This difference would have been a major contributor to the high loss of life involved with Lusitania ' s sinking, since there was not sufficient time to assemble collapsible boats or life-rafts, had it not been for the fact that the ship's severe listing made it impossible for lifeboats on the port side of the vessel to be lowered, and the rapidity of the sinking did not allow the remaining lifeboats that could be directly lowered as these were rigged under davits to be filled and launched with passengers.
When Britannic , working as a hospital ship during World War I , sank in after hitting a mine in the Kea channel the already davited boats were swiftly lowered saving nearly all on board, but the ship took nearly three times as long to sink as Lusitania and thus the crew had more time to evacuate passengers.
At the time Lusitania was the largest ocean liner in service and would continue to be until the introduction of Mauretania in November that year.
Fog had delayed the ship on two days, and her engines were not yet run in. In New York hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the bank of the Hudson River from Battery Park to pier All New York's police had been called out to control the crowd.
From the start of the day, horse drawn cabs had been queuing, ready to take away passengers. During the week's stay the ship was made available for guided tours.
She had to wait for the tide to enter harbour where news had preceded her and she was met by a fleet of small craft, whistles blaring. Lusitania averaged In December , Mauretania entered service and took the record for the fastest eastbound crossing.
Lusitania made her fastest westbound crossing in after her propellers were changed, averaging Lusitania and other ships participated in the Hudson-Fulton Celebration in New York City from the end of September to early October The celebration was also a display of the different modes of transportation then in existence, Lusitania representing the newest advancement in steamship technology.
A newer mode of travel was the aeroplane. Wilbur Wright had brought a Flyer to Governors Island and made demonstration flights before millions of New Yorkers who had never seen an aircraft.
Some of Wright's trips were directly over Lusitania ; several photographs of Lusitania from that week still exist. The design of the ship's bow allowed for her to break-through waves instead of riding on top of them.
This, however came with a cost, as the wave rolled over Lusitania' s bow and slammed into the bridge. When Lusitania was built, her construction and operating expenses were subsidised by the British government, with the proviso that she could be converted to an armed merchant cruiser AMC if need be.
A secret compartment was designed in for the purpose of carrying arms and ammunition. Lusitania remained on the official AMC list and was listed as an auxiliary cruiser in the edition of Jane's All the World's Fighting Ships , along with Mauretania.
The Declaration of Paris codified the rules for naval engagements involving civilian vessels. The so-called Cruiser Rules required that the crew and passengers of civilian ships be safeguarded in the event that the ship is to be confiscated or sunk.
These rules also placed some onus on the ship itself, in that the merchant ship had to be flying its own flag, and not pretending to be of a different nationality.
Also, it had to stop when confronted and allow itself to be boarded and searched, and it was not allowed to be armed or to take any hostile or evasive actions.
At the outbreak of hostilities, fears for the safety of Lusitania and other great liners ran high. During the ship's first east-bound crossing after the war started, she was painted in a grey colour scheme in an attempt to mask her identity and make her more difficult to detect visually.
Many of the large liners were laid up in —, in part due to falling demand for passenger travel across the Atlantic, and in part to protect them from damage due to mines or other dangers.
Among the most recognisable of these liners, some were eventually used as troop transports, while others became hospital ships.
Lusitania remained in commercial service; although bookings aboard her were by no means strong during that autumn and winter, demand was strong enough to keep her in civilian service.
Economising measures were taken. One of these was the shutting down of her No. With apparent dangers evaporating, the ship's disguised paint scheme was also dropped and she was returned to civilian colours.
Her name was picked out in gilt, her funnels were repainted in their normal Cunard livery, and her superstructure was painted white again. By early , a new threat began to materialise: submarines.
At first, they were used by the Germans only to attack naval vessels, something they achieved only occasionally but sometimes with spectacular success.
Then the U-boats began to attack merchant vessels at times, although almost always in accordance with the old Cruiser Rules.
Desperate to gain an advantage on the Atlantic, the German government decided to step up their submarine campaign, as a result of the British declaring the North Sea a war zone in November On 4 February , Germany declared the seas around the British Isles a war zone: from 18 February Allied ships in the area would be sunk without warning.
This was not wholly unrestricted submarine warfare as efforts would be taken to avoid sinking neutral ships. Lusitania was scheduled to arrive in Liverpool on 6 March The Admiralty issued her specific instructions on how to avoid submarines.
Admiral Henry Oliver ordered HMS Louis and HMS Laverock to escort Lusitania , and took the further precaution of sending the Q-ship HMS Lyons to patrol Liverpool Bay.
At sea, the ships contacted Lusitania by radio but did not have the codes used to communicate with merchant ships.
Captain Dow of Lusitania refused to give his own position except in code, and since he was, in any case, some distance from the positions they gave, continued to Liverpool unescorted.
In response to this new submarine threat, some alterations were made to the ship's protocols. In contravention to the Cruiser Rules she was ordered not to fly any flags in the war zone.
Some messages were sent to the ship's commander to help him decide how to best protect his ship against the new threat, and it also seems that her funnels were most likely painted dark grey to help make her less visible to enemy submarines.
Clearly, there was no hope of disguising her identity, as her profile was so well known, and no attempt was made to paint out the ship's name at the bow.
Captain Dow, apparently suffering from stress from operating his ship in the war zone, and after a significant " false flag " controversy, left the ship; Cunard later explained that he was "tired and really ill".
On 17 April , Lusitania left Liverpool on her st transatlantic voyage, arriving in New York on 24 April. A group of German-Americans, hoping to avoid controversy if Lusitania was attacked by a U-boat, discussed their concerns with a representative of the German Embassy.
The embassy decided to warn passengers before her next crossing not to sail aboard Lusitania. The Imperial German Embassy placed a warning advertisement in 50 American newspapers, including those in New York:.
Travellers intending to embark on the Atlantic voyage are reminded that a state of war exists between Germany and her allies and Great Britain and her allies; that the zone of war includes the waters adjacent to the British Isles; that, in accordance with formal notice given by the Imperial German Government, vessels flying the flag of Great Britain, or any of her allies, are liable to destruction in those waters and that travellers sailing in the war zone on the ships of Great Britain or her allies do so at their own risk.
This warning was printed adjacent to an advertisement for Lusitania ' s return voyage which led to many interpreting this as a direct message to the Lusitania.
On May 7, , Lusitania was nearing the end of her nd crossing, bound for Liverpool from New York, and was scheduled to dock at the Prince's Landing Stage later that afternoon.
Aboard her were 1, passengers and a crew of , which combined totaled to 1, people. Due to the liner's great speed, some believe the intersection of the German U-boat and the liner to be coincidence, as U could hardly have caught the fast vessel otherwise.
There are discrepancies concerning the speed of Lusitania , as it had been reported traveling not near its full speed. Walther Schwieger , the commanding officer of the U-boat, gave the order to fire one torpedo, which struck Lusitania on the starboard bow, just beneath the wheelhouse.
Moments later, a second explosion erupted from within Lusitania ' s hull where the torpedo had struck, and the ship began to founder much more rapidly, with a prominent list to starboard.
Almost immediately, the crew scrambled to launch the lifeboats but the conditions of the sinking made their usage extremely difficult, and in some cases impossible due to the ship's severe list.
In all, only six out of 48 lifeboats were launched successfully, with several more overturning and breaking apart.
Eighteen minutes after the torpedo struck, the ship's trim levelled out and she went under, with the funnels and masts the last to disappear.
In the hours after the sinking, acts of heroism amongst both the survivors of the sinking and the Irish rescuers who had heard word of Lusitania ' s distress signals brought the survivor count to , three of whom later died from injuries sustained during the sinking.
Just south of Roche's Point at the mouth of the harbour only an hour from the site of the sinking she turned and returned to her mooring as a result, it is believed, of orders issued from Admiralty House in Cobh HQ Haulbowline naval base , then known as Queenstown.
By the following morning, news of the disaster had spread around the world. While most of those lost in the sinking were British or Canadians, the loss of Americans in the disaster, including writer and publisher Elbert Hubbard , theatrical producer Charles Frohman , multi-millionaire businessman Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt , and the president of Newport News Shipbuilding , Albert L.
Hopkins, outraged many in the United States. The sinking caused an international outcry, especially in Britain and across the British Empire , as well as in the United States, since out of U.
Dernburg claimed warnings given by the German Embassy before the sailing plus the 18 February note declaring the existence of "war zones" relieved Germany of any responsibility for the deaths of American citizens aboard.
He referred to the ammunition and military goods declared on Lusitania ' s manifest and said that "vessels of that kind" could be seized and destroyed under the Hague rules.
Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz stated it was sad that many Americans "in wanton recklessness, and in spite of the warnings of our Ambassador, had embarked in this armed cruiser, heavily laden with munitions" and had died, but that Germany had been within her rights to sink the ship.
Lusitania was indeed officially listed as an auxiliary war ship,  and her cargo had included an estimated 4,, rounds of rifle cartridges, 1, empty shell cases, and 18 cases of non-explosive fuzes , which was openly listed as such in her cargo manifest.
In the page additional manifest, delivered to U. In the United States public opinion was outraged; war talk was rife and pro-German elements kept quiet.
The key issue was the savagery in the German failure to allow passengers to escape on life boats as required by international law.
German Foreign Minister Von Jagow continued to argue that Lusitania was a legitimate military target, as she was listed as an armed merchant cruiser, she was using neutral flags and she had been ordered to ram submarines — in blatant contravention of the Cruiser Rules.
Von Jagow further argued that Lusitania had on previous voyages carried munitions and Allied troops. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan advised President Wilson that "ships carrying contraband should be prohibited from carrying passengers A German decision on 9 September stated that attacks were only allowed on ships that were definitely British, while neutral ships were to be treated under the Prize Law rules, and no attacks on passenger liners were to be permitted at all.
This claim was so effective that James W. Gerard , the U. Almost two years later, in January , the German Government announced it would again conduct full unrestricted submarine warfare.
This together with the Zimmermann Telegram pushed U. In a release of papers revealed that in the British government warned divers of the presence of explosives on board:.
Successive British governments have always maintained that there was no munitions on board the Lusitania and that the Germans were therefore in the wrong to claim to the contrary as an excuse for sinking the ship The facts are that there is a large amount of ammunition in the wreck, some of which is highly dangerous.
The Treasury has decided that it must inform the salvage company of this fact in the interests of the safety of all concerned.
On 3 May , a flotilla set sail from the Isle of Man to mark the anniversary. Seven Manx fishermen in The Wanderer had rescued people from the sinking ship.
Two of the bravery medals awarded to the crew members are held at the Leece Museum in Peel. There are a number of conspiracy theories relating to the last days of Lusitania.
There has long been a theory, expressed by historian and former British naval intelligence officer Patrick Beesly and authors Colin Simpson and Donald E.
Schmidt among others, that Lusitania was deliberately placed in danger by the British authorities, so as to entice a U-boat attack and thereby drag the US into the war on the side of Britain.
Beesly concludes: "unless and until fresh information comes to light, I am reluctantly driven to the conclusion that there was a conspiracy deliberately to put Lusitania at risk in the hope that even an abortive attack on her would bring the United States into the war.
Such a conspiracy could not have been put into effect without Winston Churchill 's express permission and approval. At the post-sinking inquiry Captain Turner refused to answer certain questions on the grounds of war-time secrecy imperatives.
The British government continues to keep secret certain documents relating to the final days of the voyage, including certain of the signals passed between the Admiralty and Lusitania.
The records that are available are often missing critical pages, and lingering questions include the following:    .
Danver states that Lusitania was also secretly carrying a large quantity of nitrocellulose gun cotton , although this was not listed on the cargo manifest either.
Furthermore, there was a large consignment of fur, sent from Dupont de Nemours , an explosives manufacturer, and 90 tons of butter and lard destined for the Royal Navy Weapons Testing Establishment in Essex.
Although it was May, this lard and butter was not refrigerated; it was insured by the special government rate but the insurance was never claimed.
The wreck was depth-charged or attacked with Hedgehog mortars by the Royal Navy during World War II. WW2 systems were not as discriminating as modern sonar.
The wreck would have presented a good return signal and, thus, a tempting target. U-boats were so active in the Southern Irish Sea in WW2 that Britain eventually placed several deep minefields in the area - at depths where only submarines would have been liable to detonate them.
In February , the Discovery Channel television series Treasure Quest aired an episode titled "Lusitania Revealed", in which Gregg Bemis, a retired venture capitalist who owns the rights to the wreck, and a team of shipwreck experts explore the wreck via a remote control unmanned submersible.
At one point in the documentary an unexploded depth charge was found in the wreckage. Professor William Kingston of Trinity College, Dublin claimed, "There's no doubt at all about it that the Royal Navy and the British government have taken very considerable steps over the years to try to prevent whatever can be found out about the Lusitania ".
The wreck is badly collapsed onto its starboard side, due to the force with which it struck the bottom coupled with the forces of winter tides and corrosion in the decades since the sinking.
The keel has an "unusual curvature" which may be related to a lack of strength from the loss of its superstructure. The beam is reduced with the funnels missing - presumably due to deterioration.
The bow is the most prominent portion of the wreck with the stern damaged by depth charges. Three of the four propellers were removed by Oceaneering International in for display.
As a result, the wreck is unstable and may at some point completely collapse. Between and , an American syndicate comprising Simon Lake , one of the chief inventors of the modern submarine, and a US Navy officer, Captain H.
Railey, negotiated a contract with the British Admiralty and other British authorities to partially salvage Lusitania.
Divers would then take the stairs down to the dive chamber and then go out of the chamber to the deck of Lusitania.
Lake's primary business goals were to salvage the purser's safe and any items of historical value. Lake's company was having financial difficulties at the time—and the contract with British authorities expired 31 December without any salvage work being done, even though his unique salvage tunnel had been built and tested.
In a Glasgow-based expedition was launched to try and find the wreck of Lusitania. The Argonaut Corporation Ltd was founded and the salvage ship Orphir used to search for the ship.
Diver Jim Jarrett wore a Tritonia diving suit to explore the wreck at a depth of 93 metres. Gregg Bemis — became a co-owner of the wreck in , and by had bought out his partners to become sole owner.
He subsequently went to court in Britain in , the US in and Ireland in to ensure that his ownership was legally in force.