Cecil B. Demille

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Cecil B. Demille

Der Cecil B. deMille Award wird seit von der Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) als Anerkennung für das Lebenswerk eines Filmschaffenden​. Wir könnten uns niemanden vorstellen, der den Cecil B. DeMille Award mehr verdienen würde", heißt es auf der offiziellen Seite der HFPA. This book uses the long and profitable career of Cecil B. DeMille to track the evolution of Classical Hollywood and its influence on emerging mass.

Cecil B. deMille Award

This book uses the long and profitable career of Cecil B. DeMille to track the evolution of Classical Hollywood and its influence on emerging mass. Er war sozusagen der Erfinder der Kolossalfilme und einer der erfolgreichsten und fantasiebegabtesten Produzenten Hollywoods: Cecil B. DeMille. Mit seinem​. Cecil Blount DeMille war ein US-amerikanischer Regisseur, Produzent und Schauspieler. Er war über vier Jahrzehnte einer der kommerziell erfolgreichsten Regisseure Hollywoods, insbesondere aufwendige und spektakuläre Filme wie Die größte Schau der.

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1/17/ · Cecil B. DeMille, in full Cecil Blount DeMille, (born August 12, , Ashfield, Massachusetts, U.S.—died January 21, , Hollywood, Los Angeles, California), American motion-picture producer-director whose use of spectacle attracted vast audiences and made him a dominant figure in Hollywood for almost five decades.. Long before he made his first sound picture, DeMille . 70 rows · The Cecil B. DeMille Award is an honorary Golden Globe Award bestowed by the . Cecil B. DeMille is known as the founding father of cinema in the US. The American filmmaker is considered as the most successful director and producer in the history of films. DeMille began his journey as a stage actor in , but soon his focus shifted to filmmaking. Son of Henry C. DeMille and Beatrice DeMille (who was of Jewish descent), and brother of director William C. de Mille, Cecil B. DeMille was also the uncle of Agnes de Mille and Peggy George, uncle-in-law of B.P. Fineman, and grandfather of Cecilia DeMille Presley and Valentina Quinn. Cecil Blount DeMille was a founder of the Hollywood motion-picture industry. His first film, The Squaw Man, was the first feature film shot in Hollywood. His last, The Ten Commandments, remains a box-office legend. He made stars and cultivated artists. Cecil B. DeMille was the consummate Renaissance man, as comfortable discussing astronomy as he was riding a horse, or inventing a lighting fixture. This diversity of interests contributed to his work as a filmmaker, and his films are his legacy. Cecil B. DeMille, in full Cecil Blount DeMille, (born August 12, , Ashfield, Massachusetts, U.S.—died January 21, , Hollywood, Los Angeles, California), American motion-picture producer-director whose use of spectacle attracted vast audiences and made him a dominant figure in Hollywood for almost five decades. Cecil Blount DeMille was a founder of the Hollywood motion-picture industry, one of the most commercially successful producer-directors of his time, and one of the most influential filmmakers in history. Between and , he made seventy feature films; all but seven were profitable. Cecil Blount DeMille war ein US-amerikanischer Regisseur, Produzent und Schauspieler. Er war über vier Jahrzehnte einer der kommerziell erfolgreichsten Regisseure Hollywoods, insbesondere aufwendige und spektakuläre Filme wie Die größte Schau der. Cecil Blount DeMille (* August in Ashfield, Massachusetts; † Januar in Hollywood) war ein US-amerikanischer Regisseur, Produzent und. Der Cecil B. deMille Award wird seit von der Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) als Anerkennung für das Lebenswerk eines Filmschaffenden​. Read the history of the Cecil B deMille Award for outstanding contributions to the world of entertainment from the Golden Globes. Died: January 21age 77 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA. InDeMille sought approval for a lavish remake of his silent film Airpods Pro Mit Android Ten Commandments. New York: Routledge. DeMille often edited in a manner that favored psychological space rather than physical space through his cuts.

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External Websites. Reel Classics - Cecil B. DeMille Turner Classic Movies - Biography of Cecil B. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

Michael Barson Michael Barson is the author of more than a dozen books that examine various facets of American popular culture in the 20th century, about which he has been interviewed by National Public Radio on several Last Updated: Jan 17, See Article History.

Alternative Titles: Cecil B. Early life and silent films: The Squaw Man to The Godless Girl DeMille was the son of the cleric and playwright Henry Churchill DeMille.

Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Poster for The Ten Commandments , directed by Cecil B.

DeMille and actress Elissa Landi during the filming of The Sign of the Cross , DeMille directing actress Claudette Colbert in the film Cleopatra , Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

When the Hays Office was established, DeMille turned to the…. In the s, his fame as a filmmaker was surpassed by his fame as a radio star.

He was a founder of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, an institution from which he eventually won two awards.

In his film The Greatest Show on Earth won the Award for Best Picture of ; and he was presented with the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. His biography of Jesus Christ, The King of Kings , was a silent film, but because of a unique distribution arrangement, it was eventually seen by million viewers.

Samson and Delilah and The Ten Commandments are still listed with the top ten all-time box-office champions. They continue to generate revenue and provoke thought.

DeMille directing The Ten Commandments in Egypt, November Portrait by G. DeMille, the image of the Hollywood director. Portrait by Witzel. DeMille was born on August 12, , in Ashfield, Massachusetts.

His father, Henry de Mille, was born in Washington, North Carolina, of Dutch and English ancestry. Henry was an Episcopal lay minister and a successful playwright.

Before her marriage to Henry de Mille, she converted to the Protestant Episcopal faith. Beatrice was an educator and later became the second female play broker in America.

Cecil used the spelling DeMille in his professional life, and de Mille in private life. The family name de Mille was used by his daughter Cecilia, and given to his adopted children, John, Katherine, and Richard.

It is used by his granddaughter Cecilia de Mille Presley. It was here that he learned to love nature, through the flora and fauna of the lake.

He was introduced to the dramatic arts as he watched his father write plays with the acclaimed David Belasco.

Henry often asked Cecil and William for their opinions of the latest draft. In the evenings Henry read to his children, first from the Bible and then from either a literary classic or a history book.

Cecil learned the connection between preaching and the theater. In the close-knit de Mille family moved to a newly built house in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey.

In tragedy struck when Henry de Mille fell ill with typhoid fever and died. Two years later the infant Agnes died of spinal meningitis.

Beatrice de Mille converted the Pompton Lakes home to a school for girls. She sent William to Columbia University and Cecil to the Pennsylvania Military College.

Cecil then studied acting at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, where Henry had taught. Cecil graduated in DeMille made his Broadway acting debut on February 21, , in the Cecil Raleigh comedy Hearts Are Trumps.

He appeared in about ten plays, and then grew interested in writing and directing. By this time his brother William de Mille had become a successful playwright and Cecil worked on plays with him.

While on tour with Hearts Are Trumps in Washington, D. They were married on August 16, Their daughter Cecilia was born on October 5, DeMille Award at Golden Globes".

USA Today. December 17, Archived from the original on April 3, Retrieved December 17, DeMille Award at Golden GlobesGlobes". The New York Times.

September 24, Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved September 24, January 26, Retrieved January 26, Golden Globe Awards.

Film: Drama Film: Musical or Comedy Actor: Drama Actor: Musical or Comedy Actress: Drama Actress: Musical or Comedy Supporting Actor Supporting Actress Animated Feature Director Foreign Language Film Original Score Original Song Screenplay.

TV Series: Drama TV Series: Musical or Comedy Limited Series or Television Film Actor: Drama Series Actor: Musical or Comedy Series Actor: Limited Series or TV Film Actress: Drama Series Actress: Musical or Comedy Series Actress: Limited Series or TV Film Supporting Actor Supporting Actress.

New Star of the Year — Actor New Star of the Year — Actress Documentary Film English-Language Foreign Film. List of Golden Globe Award ceremonies : — years are of film release; ceremonies are following year.

Cecil B. DeMille Award Carol Burnett Award Golden Globe Ambassador Hollywood Foreign Press Association. DeMille Award. DeMille Walt Disney Darryl F.

Zanuck Jean Hersholt Jack L. Warner Mervyn LeRoy Buddy Adler Maurice Chevalier Bing Crosby Fred Astaire Judy Garland Bob Hope Joseph E.

Levine James Stewart John Wayne Charlton Heston Kirk Douglas Gregory Peck Joan Crawford Frank Sinatra Alfred Hitchcock Samuel Goldwyn Bette Davis Hal B.

Wallis Walter Mirisch Red Skelton Lucille Ball Peters claimed that he encouraged the cast to attend the funeral with him anyway since DeMille would not be able to shoot the film without him.

Zukor became president with Lasky as the vice president. He was confined to bed and unable to eat. His poor physical condition upon his return home affected the production of his film Manslaughter.

According to Richard Birchard, DeMille's weakened state during production may have led to the film being received as uncharacteristically substandard.

During World War I, the Famous Players-Lasky organized a military company underneath the National Guard called the Home Guard made up of film studio employees with DeMille as captain.

Eventually, the Guard was promoted to a battalion and recruited soldiers from other film studios. They took time off weekly from film production to practice military drills.

Additionally, during the war, DeMille volunteered for the Justice Department's Intelligence Office, investigating friends, neighbors, and others he came in contact with in connection with the Famous Players-Lasky.

He volunteered for the Intelligence Office during World War II as well. However, he did take a few months to set up a movie theater for the French front.

Famous Players-Lasky donated the films. Film started becoming more sophisticated and the subsequent films of the Lasky company were criticized for primitive and unrealistic set design.

William deMille reluctantly became a story editor. William deMille would later convert from theater to Hollywood and would spend the rest of his career as a film director.

In his first instance, in , he remade The Squaw Man , only waiting four years from the original. Despite its quick turnaround, the film was fairly successful.

However, DeMille's second remake at MGM in would be a failure. After five years and thirty hit films, DeMille became the American film industry's most successful director.

In the silent era, he was renowned for Male and Female , Manslaughter , The Volga Boatman , and The Godless Girl DeMille's trademark scenes included bathtubs, lion attacks, and Roman orgies.

In , DeMille released a modern melodrama The Ten Commandments which was a significant change from his previous stint of irreligious films.

This concerned the executives at Paramount; however, the film turned out to be the studio's highest-grossing film.

In the early s, scandal surrounded Paramount. Several Paramount contractees were accused of rape, murder, and drug addiction. Outcry intensified from religious groups and the media were appalled by immorality in the film industry on and off screen.

A censorship board called the Hays Code was established. DeMille's depiction of on screen immorality came under fire, likely due to the scandalous film The Affairs of Anatol.

Furthermore, DeMille argued with Zukor over his extravagant and over-budget production costs. Instead, he joined the Producers Distributing Corporation.

He directed and produced four films on his own, working with Producers Distributing Corporation because he found front office supervision too restricting.

Although this final reel looked so different from the previous eleven reels that it appeared to be from another movie, according to Simon Louvish, the film is one of DeMille's strangest and most "DeMillean" film.

The immense popularity of DeMille's silent films enabled him to branch out into other areas. The Roaring Twenties were the boom years and DeMille took full advantage, opening the Mercury Aviation Company, one of America's first commercial airlines.

Charlie Chaplin lived next door for a time, and after he moved, DeMille purchased the other house and combined the estates. When "talking pictures" were invented in , Cecil B.

DeMille made a successful transition, offering his own innovations to the painful process; he devised a microphone boom and a soundproof camera blimp.

He had completely adapted to the production of sound film besides despite the film's poor dialogue. He attempted to create a guild of a half a dozen directors with the same creative desires called the Director's Guild.

However, the idea failed due to lack of funding and commitment. Moreover, DeMille was audited by the Internal Revenue Service due to issues with his production company.

This was, according to DeMille, the lowest point of his career. DeMille traveled abroad to find employment until he was offered a deal at Paramount.

In , DeMille returned to Paramount at the request of Lasky, bringing with him his own production unit. Produced in eight weeks without exceeding budget, the film was financially successful.

The film was considered a "masterpiece" and surpassed the quality of other sound films of the time. This Day and Age and Four Frightened People were box office disappointments, though Four Frightened People received good reviews.

DeMille would stick to his large-budget spectaculars for the rest of his career. DeMille was a conservative Republican activist. He became more conservative as he aged, DeMille lived a life of strong Christian ethics, as exemplified through his wife and children.

On the other hand, DeMille's private life, which included mistresses and adultery, conflicted with the Episcopalian integrity he portrayed.

His film The Volga Boatman gave a sympathetic portrayal of the Russian Revolution and he was fascinated by a trip to the Soviet Union in the s.

He said he was rather against union leaders such as Walter Reuther and Harry Bridges whom he compared to dictators. Roosevelt, finding him charismatic, tenacious, and intelligent.

He agreed with Roosevelt's abhorrence of Prohibition. DeMille lent Roosevelt a car for his campaign for the United States presidential election and voted for him.

However, he would never again vote for a Democratic candidate in a presidential election. From June 1, , until January 22, , Cecil B.

DeMille hosted and directed Lux Radio Theater , a weekly digest of current feature films. DeMille sued the union for reinstatement but lost.

He then appealed to the California Supreme Court and lost again. When the AFRA expanded to television, DeMille was banned from television appearances.

Consequently, he formed the DeMille Foundation for Political Freedom in order to campaign for the right to work. DeMille's primary criticism was of closed shops , but later included criticism of communism and unions in general.

The United States Supreme Court declined to review his case. Despite his loss, DeMille continued to lobby for the Taft—Hartley Act , which passed.

This prohibited denying anyone the right to work if they refuse to pay a political assessment, however, the law did not apply retroactively. Consequently, DeMille's television and radio appearance ban lasted for the remainder of his life, though he was permitted to appear on radio or television to publicize a movie.

In , DeMille's Union Pacific was successful through DeMille's collaboration with the Union Pacific Railroad. The Union Pacific gave DeMille access to historical data, early period trains, and expert crews, adding to the authenticity of the film.

In March , He underwent a major emergency prostatectomy. He suffered from a post-surgery infection from which he nearly did not recover, citing streptomycin as his saving grace.

The surgery caused him to suffer from sexual dysfunction for the rest of his life, according to some family members.

DeMille wanted to film in Canada ; however, due to budget constraints, the film was instead shot in Oregon and Hollywood.

He was so eager to produce the film, that he hadn't yet read the novel. He claimed he abandoned the project in order to complete a different project, but in reality, it was to preserve his reputation and avoid appearing reactionary.

In , DeMille worked with Jeanie MacPherson and brother William deMille in order to produce a film called Queen of Queens which was intended to be about Mary, mother of Jesus.

After reading the screenplay, Daniel A. Lord warned DeMille that Catholics would find the film too irreverent, while non-Catholics would have considered the film Catholic propaganda.

Consequently, the film was never made. DeMille used clips from his own films in Land of Liberty. Though the film was not high-grossing, it was well-received and DeMille was asked to shorten its running time to allow for more showings per day.

MGM distributed the film in and donated profits to World War II relief charities. In , DeMille released Paramount's most successful film, Reap the Wild Wind.

It was produced with a large budget and contained many special effects including an electronically operated giant squid. Selznick in the Los Angeles Coliseum in support of the Dewey — Bricker ticket as well as Governor Earl Warren of California.

The sets and effects were so realistic that 30 extras needed to be hospitalized due to a scene with fireballs and flaming arrows. It was commercially very successful.

DeMille's next film, Samson and Delilah in , became Paramount's highest-grossing film up to that time. A Biblical epic with sex, it was a characteristically DeMille film.

Furthermore, DeMille's film won the Academy Award for Best Picture and the Academy Award for Best Story. DeMille toured with the circus while helping write the script.

Noisy and bright, it was not well-liked by critics, but was a favorite among audiences. DeMille did not like the first draft of the biography, saying that he thought the person portrayed in the biography was an "SOB"; he said it made him sound too egotistical.

In the early s, DeMille was recruited by Allen Dulles and Frank Wisner to serve on the board of the anti-communist National Committee for a Free Europe , the public face of the organization that oversaw the Radio Free Europe service.

Talbott asked DeMille for help in designing the cadet uniforms at the newly established United States Air Force Academy. DeMille's designs, most notably his design of the distinctive cadet parade uniform, won praise from Air Force and Academy leadership, were ultimately adopted, and are still worn by cadets.

In , DeMille sought approval for a lavish remake of his silent film The Ten Commandments. He went before the Paramount board of directors, which was mostly Jewish-American.

The members rejected his proposal, even though his last two films, Samson and Delilah and The Greatest Show on Earth , had been record-breaking hits.

Still, the members unanimously approved it. They continued filming in in Paris and Hollywood on 30 different sound stages. They were even required to expand to RKO sound studios for filming.

Despite the urging of his associate producer, DeMille wanted to return to the set right away. DeMille developed a plan with his doctor to allow him to continue directing while reducing his physical stress.

His daughter Cecilia took over as director as DeMille sat behind the camera with Loyal Griggs as the cinematographer. Due to his frequent heart attacks, DeMille asked his son-in-law, actor Anthony Quinn , to direct a remake of his film The Buccaneer.

DeMille served as executive producer, overseeing producer Henry Wilcoxon. DeMille asked David Niven to star in the film, but it was never made.

DeMille also was planning a film about the space race as well as another biblical epic about the Book of Revelation. DeMille suffered a series of heart attacks from June to January , [] and died on January 21, , following an attack.

Stephen's Episcopal Church. He was entombed at the Hollywood Memorial Cemetery now known as Hollywood Forever. She would die one year later.

The other three children were surprised by this, as DeMille did not treat the children differently in life. DeMille believed his first influences to be his parents, Henry and Beatrice DeMille.

Beatrice became a play broker and author's agent, influencing DeMille's early life and career. Belasco was known for adding realistic elements in his plays such as real flowers, food, and aromas that could transport his audiences into the scenes.

Sothern's early influence on DeMille's work can be seen in DeMille's perfectionism. DeMille's filmmaking process always began with extensive research.

Next, he would work with writers to develop the story that he was envisioning. Then, he would help writers construct a script.

Finally, he would leave the script with artists and allow them to create artistic depictions and renderings of each scene.

Consequently, he focused his efforts on his films' visuals. He worked with visual technicians, editors, art directors, costume designers, cinematographers, and set carpenters in order to perfect the visual aspects of his films.

With his editor, Anne Bauchens , DeMille used editing techniques to allow the visual images to bring the plot to climax rather than dialogue.

DeMille rarely gave direction to actors; he preferred to "office-direct" where he would work with actors in his office, going over characters and reading through scripts.

Any problems on the set were often fixed by writers in the office rather than on the set. DeMille did not believe a large movie set was the place to discuss minor character or line issues.

Martin Scorsese recalled that DeMille had the skill to maintain control of not only the lead actors in a frame but the many extras in the frame as well.

DeMille experimented in his early films with photographic light and shade which created dramatic shadows instead of glare.

In addition to his use of volatile and abrupt film editing, his lighting and composition were innovative for the time period as filmmakers were primarily concerned with a clear, realistic image.

This allowed for the rapid production of his films in the early years of the Lasky Company. The cuts were sometimes rough, but the movies were always interesting.

DeMille often edited in a manner that favored psychological space rather than physical space through his cuts. In this way, the characters' thoughts and desires are the visual focus rather than the circumstances regarding the physical scene.

Groesbeck's art was circulated on set to give actors and crew members a better understanding of DeMille's vision.

His art was even shown at Paramount meetings when pitching new films. DeMille adored the art of Groesbeck, even hanging it above his fireplace, but film staff found it difficult to convert his art into three-dimensional sets.

As DeMille continued to rely on Groesbeck, the nervous energy of his early films transformed into more steady compositions of his later films. While visually appealing, this made the films appear more old-fashioned.

Composer Elmer Bernstein described DeMille as, "sparing no effort", when filmmaking. DeMille was painstakingly attentive to details on set and was as critical of himself as he was of his crew.

Jeakins admitted that she received quality training from DeMille, but that it was necessary to become a perfectionist on a DeMille set to avoid being fired.

He had a band of assistants who catered to his needs. He would speak to the entire set, sometimes enormous with countless numbers of crew members and extras, via a microphone to maintain control of the set.

He was disliked by many inside and outside of the film industry due to his cold and controlling reputation. DeMille was known for autocratic behavior on the set, singling out and berating extras who were not paying attention.

Many of these displays were thought to be staged, however, as an exercise in discipline. This occurred with Victor Mature in Samson and Delilah.

Mature refused to wrestle Jackie the Lion, even though DeMille had just tussled with the lion, proving that he was tame. DeMille told the actor that he was "one hundred percent yellow".

DeMille made stars of unknown actors: Gloria Swanson, Bebe Daniels , Rod La Rocque , William Boyd , Claudette Colbert , and Charlton Heston. Robinson with saving his career following his eclipse in the Hollywood blacklist.

DeMille's film production career evolved from critically significant silent films to financially significant sound films.

He began his career with reserved yet brilliant melodramas. From there, DeMille's style developed into marital comedies with outrageously melodramatic plots.

By , DeMille had perfected his film style of mass-interest spectacle films with Western, Roman, or Biblical themes. However, others interpreted DeMille's work as visually impressive, thrilling, and nostalgic.

Along the same lines, critics of DeMille often qualify him by his later spectacles and fail to consider several decades of ingenuity and energy that defined him during his generation.

In den 1970er Jahren bringt das The Living Years unter dem Deckmantel von Exploitation-Ware eine Reihe subversiver Gegenentwrfe Grindcore den Synchronschwimmerinnen Gesellschaftsbildern Hollywoods hervor. - Über dieses Buch

Vom Zirkus ist sein Kino stets geprägt gewesen, im Zirkus kommen alle Abenteuerformen, alle sportlichen Wettbewerbe und Attraktionen zur Geltung: Menschen, Tiere, Sensationen, Leidenschaften in der Manege, in der Zirkuskuppel, Casual Vacancy den Masken und in den Wohnwagen. Geraldine Farrar war nach Maria Gasperini in Mario Caserinis Film von die zweite Heilige Johanna der Filmgeschichte - allerdings die erste, die man teilweise schon in Farbe bewundern konnte. Februar wird die Schauspiel-Ikone für ihr Lebenswerk geehrt. Roswitha Schreiner. Max Götz Otto Sabine Otto.
Cecil B. Demille

Sam bemerkt, kommen Cecil B. Demille Valeria. - Cecil B. DeMille

Der Durchbruch gelang ihm gleich mit dem Pyur Störung Film. Maltin, Leonard, ed. Archived from the original on May 25, The New Yorker. Bank of America Corporation. He went before the Paramount board of directors, which was mostly Jewish-American. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. Retrieved May 21, Empire of Dreams: The Epic Synchronschwimmerinnen of Cecil B. However, others interpreted DeMille's work as visually impressive, thrilling, and nostalgic. DeMille Award: History of every recipient, including honoree Jane Fonda [Photos] 05 February Gold Derby Golden Globe Cecil B. In the silent era, Serien Online Stream 4 Blocks was renowned for Male and FemaleManslaughterThe Volga Boatmanand The Ausgangsbeschränkungen Bayern Girl Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cecil B.

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